Parts of sentence elements – zindeelstukken









ARTS OF SENTENCE ELEMENTS (adjectival and adverbial objects)

1. Adjectival objects
§ An adjectival object says something about a noun. You can find an adjectival object by asking: which/what kind of + noun?

Example:
De nieuwe speler| is |in onze straat| komen wonen.
(The new player has come to live in our street.)
nieuwe = adjectival object to ‘speler’ (which/what kind of speler?)
onze = adjectival object to ‘straat (which/what kind of wijk?)
§ A noun can go with more than one adjectival object

Example:
De mooie, lange jongen | kwam | niet.
(The beautiful, tall boy did not come.)
lange = adjectival object to ‘jongen’
mooie = adjectival object to ‘jongen’
§ An adjectival object can consist of more than one word.

Hij | gaf | ons | een korte en duidelijke uitleg.
(He gave us a short and clear explanation.
korte en duidelijke = adjectival object to ‘uitleg’
§ An adjectival object can be really long and contain other adjectival objects itself. You must then always search for the most important noun.

Example:
Tijdens het feest viel de rector van zijn stoel.
During the party the principal fell off of his chair.
Tijdens het feest ter ere van de opening viel de rector van zijn stoel.
During the party in honour of the opening the principal fell off of his chair.
Tijdens het feest ter ere van de opening van onze school viel de rector van zijn stoel.
During the party in honour of the opening of our school the principal fell off of his chair.
Tijdens het feest ter ere van de opening van onze nieuwe school viel de rector van zijn stoel.
During the party in honour of the opening of our new school the principal fell off of his chair. |
ter ere van de opening van onze nieuwe school = adjectival object to ‘feest’ (feest = the most important noun)

After having found the most important noun you search for the most important noun of the adjectival object.

van onze nieuwe school = adjectival object to ‘opening’

You repeat the searching.
nieuwe = adjectival object to ‘school’
onze = adjectival object to ‘school’


2. Adverbial objects
§ An adverbial object being a part of a sentence element says someting about a word that isn’t a noun.

Example:
Ik vond het boek erg spannend.
(I thought the book to be really exciting)
erg = adverbial object to ‘spannend’ (not a noun)
§ There can be an adverbial object inside of an adjectival object.

Example:
Ik vond dat een erg vervelende opmerking.
(I thought that to be a really annoying remark.)
erg vervelende = adjectival object to ‘opmerking’
erg = adverbial object to ‘vervelend’












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